Start to finish: following the process of making newspapers
PAPER (Producer): The raw materials used to make newsprint consists of wood from sustainably grown plantation pine and recycled fibre. Wood has its fibres separated in a process called refining, where two plates of metal crush the wood and release the fibres. Recovered fibres are separated during pulp production by simply stirring the old newspapers together with old magazines in a mixing tank called a pulper. Recycled fibres from the pulper are then de-inked by blowing air bubbles through the liquid pulp. The ink sticks to clay that comes from the magazine paper and these clay particles then stick to the air bubbles and float off the recycling pulp in the de-inking tank.
Pulp production based on recovered paper consumes less energy than production from fresh fibre because the fibres in recovered paper are more easily separated than those within wood. Recycled fibres can go around time and time again, being recycled five to seven times.
In the paper machine, the pulp passes along a web, firstly through a wet section, then a press section and finally through a drying section. The paper is finally rolled up on reels and then cut to the sizes ordered by publishers.